Posted by: Upāsaka | 10/17/2019

The Nine Qualities of Buddha

Image result for 9 good qualities of the BuddhaThe Nine Qualities of Buddha

Introduction – Many times and many days we have chanted the nine qualities
of Buddha in PALI and never make an effort to understand its meaning. Now,
I will like share the meaning of the nine qualities of Buddha in English.
One common example is the word in Pali – Araham – that we use to
count our rosary (prayer beads). We should now know the meaning of the word
– Araham. One who has eradicated the defilements. By reflecting on the quality
of Buddha “Araham” we gain great merit.

The second example is – Buddho – When the word – Buddo is repeated
continuously, one could gain the miracle of acquiring Magadha, Pali, and
other ancient dialects. Some who has the parami should try this when praying.

The dialect could come to your lips automatically.
Itipi so Bhagava Araham, Samma-Sambuddho, Vijja-Carana
Sampano, Sugato, Lokavidu, Anuttaro Purisa Dhamma
Sarathi, Sattha Deva-Manussanam, Buddho, Bhagava.
There are altogether nine important qualities of the Buddha. In Pali, the nine
qualities are:
1. araham,
2. samma-sambuddho,
3. vijjacarana-sampanno,
4. sugato,
5. lokavidu,
6. anuttaro-purisa-dhammasarathi,
7. sattha-deva-manussanam,
8. buddho and
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9. bhagava.
The qualities of the Buddha are infinite and all those infinite qualities
are included in these nine.

1. ARAHAM
Araham means that the Buddha had eradicated all the defilements.
Defilement in plain language means bad thoughts, bad reactions like anger,
anxiety, hatred, frustration, stress, depression, ignorance, jealousy, gossip,
attachment, dogmatism and so on; the Buddha had got rid of all these. The
Buddha inspires us with His qualities. Because He had got rid of all
defilement, He is Araham.
While repeating the word Araham, you go on reflecting at the same time
comparing the quality. The rosary is only an instrument to help you
concentrate.
The word Arahant and Arahat come from the same etymological background.
and have the same meaning with Araham

2. SAMMA-SAMBUDDHO
This means to discover and understand fully, the Four Noble Truths, without
any aid from a teacher. The Four Noble Truths that we have read about,
heard about, thought about — we still have difficulty in understanding them
fully.

3. VIJJA -CARANA-SAMPANO
Vijja-Carana-Sampano is knowledge and conduct, or theory and practice;
the Buddha is endowed with both. He says as He acts and He does what He
says. When you see things like this, you realize how great is the quality of
Vijja-Carana-Sampano the Buddha posses, and how valuable are all His
qualities. Some people know the theory but do not practice it.

4. SUGATO
Sugato is a great speaker, who is adept in the art of choosing the right words,
saying them at the right time, and in such a way as will benefit the listener.
The Buddha was a master of that.
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Another meaning of Sugato is that the Buddha walks the best path to reach
His goal — the path leading to freedom from suffering (dukkha). When He
meditates and a pain arises, He observes the pain without increasing dukkha,
whereas the majority of people personalize pain or suffering and
misperceives it through attachment and pride (mana). The Buddha avoided
this path of misconstruing things and followed the right path. He had chosen
to deal with things in the right way that freed Him from suffering. The
Buddha, being a Sugata, walked the path of freedom and freed Himself from
mental suffering.

5. LOKAVIDU
Lokavidu is the person who knows about the world. What do we mean by
Loka? As There are six worlds; the seeing world, the hearing world, the
smelling world, the tasting world, the touching world and the thinking world.
There are no other worlds than these six. The Buddha understands how they
arise and cease. He knows how clashes and harmony happen in this world.
He knows why people can be trapped in them or be free from them. That is
why He is called Lokavidu. You are in harmony with the world only when
you know about it and live accordingly accepting as it is.

6. ANUTTARO PURISA DHAMMA-SARATHI
Anuttaro Purisa Dhamma-Sarathi means that the Buddha is the best
teacher who can bring the wayward back into the fold. The Buddha can
make people understand with either just one sentence or a whole series of
talks, like the time He gave His first sermon to the five ascetics, which took
five whole days. We should reflect on this quality of the Buddha whenever we
experience problems in teaching or explaining things to children. How
capable the Buddha is in these things!

7. SATTA DEVA-MANUSSANAM
Satta Deva-Manussanam — the teacher and leader of devas and men. Let
alone knowing more than the Buddha or even knowing as much as the
Buddha did, we struggle to understand even a tiny bit of what He has said in
His sermons and this is in spite of having many learned monks teaching us.
He was the Satta Deva Manussanam. There were many that became the
Buddha’s followers. Even after He passed away, there are many like us who
regard the Buddha as their teacher and leader.
8. BUDDHO
Buddho is the person who knows the Four Noble Truths. This is similar to
Samma Sambuddho, which emphasizes the fact that the Buddha discovered
the Four Noble Truths by Himself. Buddho just emphasizes the fact that he
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knows it well. He was the Awakened One, who had awakened from
ignorance and delusion.

9. BHAGAVA
Bhagava is the person endowed with special powers. The merits the Buddha
had accumulated are much more than others and this is also why He was
called Bhagava. The merits are acts of sharing, ethical morality, patience,
renunciation, wisdom, diligence, truthfulness, determination, loving-kindness
and equanimity. He perfected these to the most difficult and advanced level.
He shared not only material things in His past lives but also His limbs and
life.

https://www.cpp.edu/~namkim/9q_buddha.pdf


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