Posted by: Michael Rickicki | 01/28/2019

Happy Uposatha – Ekasanikangam samadhiyami

2.7.1. The One-Sessioner’s Practice (Ekasanikanga dhutanga)

With reference to this practice, the following are noteworthy:

1. The act of eating food at not more than one sitting is called ekasana.

2. A bhikkhu who keeps the one-sessioner’s practice is called ekasanika.

3. The volition that makes the bhikkhu observe this practice is called ekasanikanga


2.7.2. The Procedure of Observing the One-Sessioner’s Practice

A bhikkhu who decides to observe the one-sessioner’s practice does it with either

one of the expressions: ‘Nanasana bhojanam patikkhipami’ (I refuse to eat food at more

than one sitting); ‘Ekasanikangam samadhiyami’ (I observe the one-sessioner’s practice).

The bhikkhu who observes the one-sessioner’s practice never sits in the seat

reserved for the Elder brethren, but he finds a seat that would be suitable for him. If his

teacher or preceptor arrives in the middle of his meal, then he should stop to stand up and

pay respects to his teacher. The Thera Culabhaya once decided not to resume his meal

after he had paid his respects to his teacher who had arrived while he was eating.

2.7.3. The Three Grades of the Observers of the One-Sessioner’s Practice

There are three grades of bhikkhus on the basis of their observance of the one-

sessioner’s practice.

1. The firm or strict man never picks up more food apart from the food he has laid

his hand on. He should accept more only when his supporters tells him that it is

meant for medicine to cure him.

2. The moderate man should accept more food until he has finished eating all the

food in his alms-bowl.

3. The soft man will accept more food as long as he is sitting although he has

finished his meal.

For all these three grades of bhikkhus, eating at more than one sitting is the main

cause of the breach of the practice.

2.7.4. The Advantages of the One-Sessioner’s Practice

The following are the advantages that the one-sessioner’s practice brings to the

observer: 23

1. The observer is free from sickness.

2. He is free from tiredness.

3. He is light in movements.

4. He is strong.

5. He lives comfortably.

6. He is not prone to committing an offence because he refuses excessive food.

7. He repels the craving for tasty food.

8. He has conduct in harmony with few wishes, and so on.

On this uposatha day may I take up the one sessioner practice and may I keep up the practice except when I am sick or infirm. Ekasanikangam samadhiyami’ (I observe the one-sessioner’s practice).

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