Posted by: Michael Rickicki | 03/22/2018

Cattari Arya Saccani

i. Idaṁ kho pana bhikkhave dukkhaṁ ariyasaccaṁ:

Now this, monks, is the noble truth of suffering:

jāti pi dukkhā

birth is suffering

jarā pi dukkhā

also old age is suffering

vyādhi pi dukkho

also sickness is suffering

maraṇam-pi dukkhaṁ

also death is suffering

appiyehi sampayogo dukkho

being joined to what is not dear is suffering

piyehi vippayogo dukkho

being separated from what is dear is suffering

yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ

also not to obtain what one longs for is suffering

saṅkhittena pañcupādānakkhandhā dukkhā

in brief, the five constituent groups (of mind and body) that provide fuel for

attachment are suffering.

ii. Idaṁ kho pana bhikkhave dukkhasamudayaṁ ariyasaccaṁ:

Now this, monks, is the noble truth of the arising of suffering:

yā yaṁ taṇhā ponobhavikā,

it is that craving which leads to continuation in existence,

nandirāgasahagatā, tatratatrābhinandinī, seyyathīdaṁ:

which is connected with enjoyment and passion, greatly enjoying this and that, as



craving for sense pleasures


craving for continuation


craving for discontinuation.

iii. Idaṁ kho pana bhikkhave dukkhanirodhaṁ ariyasaccaṁ:

Now this, monks, is the noble truth of the cessation of suffering:

yo tassā yeva taṇhāya asesavirāganirodho –

it is the complete fading away and cessation without remainder of that craving –

cāgo, paṭinissaggo, mutti, anālayo.

liberation, letting go, release, and non-adherence.

iv. Idaṁ kho pana bhikkhave,

Now this, monks,

dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā ariyasaccaṁ:

is the noble truth of the practice leading to the end of suffering:

Ayam-eva ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, seyyathīdam:

It is this noble path with eight factors, as follows:


right view


right thought


right speech


right action


right livelihood


right effort


right mindfulness


right concentration.


  1. Sadhu! Namo…

    “Just as when the gods pour rain in heavy drops & crash thunder on the upper mountains: The water, flowing down along the slopes, fills the mountain clefts & rifts & gullies. When the mountain clefts & rifts & gullies are full, they fill the little ponds. When the little ponds are full, they fill the big lakes. When the big lakes are full, they fill the little rivers. When the little rivers are full, they fill the big rivers. When the big rivers are full, they fill the great ocean. In the same way:

    “Fabrications have ignorance as their prerequisite, consciousness has fabrications as its prerequisite, name-&-form has consciousness as their prerequisite, the six sense media have name-&-form as their prerequisite, contact has the six sense media as its prerequisite, feeling has contact as its prerequisite, craving has feeling as its prerequisite, clinging has craving as its prerequisite, becoming has clinging as its prerequisite, birth has becoming as its prerequisite, stress & suffering have birth as their prerequisite, conviction has stress & suffering as its prerequisite, joy has conviction as its prerequisite, rapture has joy as its prerequisite, serenity has rapture as its prerequisite, pleasure has serenity as its prerequisite, concentration has pleasure as its prerequisite, knowledge & vision of things as they actually are present has concentration as its prerequisite, disenchantment has knowledge & vision of things as they actually are present as its prerequisite, dispassion has disenchantment as its prerequisite, release has dispassion as its prerequisite, knowledge of ending has release as its prerequisite.”

    (Upanissaya:) Upanisa Sutta

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Shillelagh Studies

A hub for the music, culture, knowledge, and practice of Irish stick-fighting, past and present.